Rich in vineyards, olive groves and small villages, and harbouring a glorious old town, Korčula Island is the sixth-largest Adriatic island, stretching nearly 47km in length. Dense pine forests led the original Greek settlers to call the island Korkyra Melaina (Black Corfu). Quiet coves and small sandy beaches dot the steep southern coast while the northern shore is flatter and more pebbly.
Excavation findings show us that Stone Age people already recognized the advantages of the island and left their mark in the “Vela Spila” cave near Vela Luka. However, the island was first time ever titled as black by the Greeks, who founded a colony here. Because of the thick dark green forest, then called Korkyra got the addition “melaina” (black). Dense pine forests, holm oaks, cypresses, olive trees and a variety of shrub-land still characterize the island today. The Romans found the name appropriate but used their word for black – “nigra” – as an addition.